A1 Alanları: Eğitim Bilimleri, Fen Bilimleri ve Matematik, Mühendislik, Sağlık Bilimleri, Ziraat, Orman ve Su Ürünleri \ 1-2
Katja Maaß, Oliver Strasser, Laura Wanckel, Gökhan Kaya, Metin Sardağ, Buket Akkoyunlu, Gültekin Çakmakçı
Aydan Irgatoğlu, Erkan Yüce, Fatma Kimsesiz, Feyza Nur Ekizer, Gamze Çubukçu, Gizem Özlem Yurtoğlu, Gülşah Öz, Özge Gümüş, Özkan Kırmızı, Songül Taş, Zeynep Çetin Köroğlu The collection of various issues in the teaching of English language into one volume, 'A Contemporary Perspective on English Language Teaching' will inspire students and recently qualified teachers to think about and reflect on the aspects so that they can make a reasoned and informed decision about their teaching. In light of the most recent developments in foreign language teaching and learning, this book's objective is to explore current ELT concerns with experimental studies. This comprehensive book written by experts in field intends to be beneficial both to English language teachers and learners by offering a review of current ELT challenges.
In an effort to assist..
Baver Okutmuştur This book has been prepared in accordance with the programs of Basic
Mathematics I, Analysis I or Calculus I courses which are taught at the undergraduate level of the Faculties of Science and Engineering as well as the Faculties of Economics and Administrative Sciences. The book covers brief descriptions of the theorems, and focusses particularly on exercises with their solutions. While these exercises support the relevant topics and theorems, they are prepared to support the readers on related courses and help them prepare for exams. The content of the book is as follows: The concepts of limit and continuity for functions of one (real) variable, derivative and differentiability, applications of derivative, optimization problems, inverse-derivative concept and sketching graphs of functions.
Nevzat KALAY Academic Vocabulary, akademik sözcükler üzerinde yoğunlaşan bilgilendirici, öğretici ve test edici kapsamlı bir kaynaktır.

Kitap, sistematik bir şekilde öğreten ve test eden yüzlerce cümle ve sorulardan oluşan bölümlere ayrılmıştır. Temel bölümler kendi içerisinde aşamalı olarak alt bölümlere ayrılmış ve kolaydan zora doğru sistemli bir yol takip edilmiştir. Cümleler hedef sözcüğün bağlam içerisinde kullanımını öne çıkaracak şekilde oluşturulmuş ve eşdizimsel yapılar (collocations) içinde verilmiştir. Bu şekilde sözcüklerin zihinde kalıcı olması kolaylaştırılmıştır.

Ülkemizde yapılan YDS, YDT gibi dil sınavlarına ve TOEFL, PTE, CAE, IELTS gibi uluslararası nitelikli İngilizce yeterlik sınavlarına hazırlayan bir temel kaynak olmasının yanı sıra sözcük bilgisi eksikliğinden dolayı akademik metinleri takip edemeyen akademisyenler için de bir başucu kitabı niteliğindedir. Kitap ayrıca İngilizce ile uğraşan okurlara ve dil öğretmenlerine de kaynaklık teşkil edecektir. Özellikle ülkemiz okurunun sözcük gereksinimleri ön planda tutularak hazırlanmış olması bakımından da oldukça önem taşımaktadır.
Ahmet Şahiner, Bora Acarkan, Durukan Erdoğan, Gizem Özdemir, Halil İbrahim Gökdoğan, İrem Özsoy, Kenan Yiğit, M. Emin Şahin, Muhammad Wasim Awan, Muhammet Raşit Sancar, Umut Özkaya
Nevzat Kalay İletişim ve ulaşım teknolojilerinin insanları hem mekânsal hem de kültürel olarak birbirine yaklaştırdığı günümüzde ortak bir iletişim platformu eğiliminde olan İngiliz dilinde iletişim kurabilmek önemli bir bireysel beceri hâline gelmiştir. Bilim ve teknolojiyi yakalayarak ve üreterek refah düzeyine ulaşmaya çalışan ülkemizde bu beceri daha da önemli hâle gelmektedir.
Bir dilden başka bir dile çeviri yapmak zaman zaman zor olabilmektedir. Ancak doğru rehber ve yönlendirme ile bu süreç daha kolay ve anlaşılır hâle gelebilir.
İnsanların düşüncelerini İngilizce olarak yazılı ve sözlü bir şekilde ifade edebilmesini ya da İngilizce olarak yazılanları ve konuşulanları Türkçeye çevirebilmesini kolaylaştırmaya yönelik olarak hazırlanan bu kitap, konuya ilgi duyan herkese faydalı olacaktır.
Bilal Kılıç The unprecedented expansion of civil aviation over the past three decades drives the demand for new employees (e.g., commanders, first officers, cabin crew, dispatchers, loadmasters, and technicians). The training of these employees plays a vital role regarding safety. Researchers have focused attention sharply on aviation safety and the resulting demand for qualified employees.
Learning from failures, accidents and incidents is the capability of an organization or individuals to obtain information and knowledge from past events and transfer these into measures and safety actions that will help avoid reoccurrences and improve safety in the related industry.
Aircraft Accident Investigation: Learning from Human and Organizational Factors provides a complete overview of the contributing factors to accidents and incidents in aviation and fundamentals of aircraft accident investigation. While the book in your hands may be used in the form of a reference source at universities in terms of its contents, it may also be used in the recurrent trainings of airlines as a supplementary source. It is also a source of reference that may be individually used by those who are interested in aviation for the purpose of learning about the investigation methods and causes of accidents that have been experienced.
Ali Günyaktı, İbrahim Gürer Hydropower being a renewable and clean energy has an important aspect for the future energy demand in the world. In Turkey, as the urbanization and industrialization increase parallel to the increase in population there will be more and more need for electric energy in future. For the development of a hydropower project some diagnostic and feasibility studies are required. There are technical and environmental objectives that must be satisfied for each project. The size of a hydropower project should be decided according to the local hydrological resources. A well designed installation can satisfy many demands under acceptable financial and environmental conditions besides technical issues.
In this book, a wide ranges of topics are covered. They include the evaluation of water resources with their viability, local conditions for fixing the type of system, theory for engineering works, economic constrains and the elements of a feasibility study, environmental impact and appropriate countermeasures, and the selection of turbines to suit various discharges and heads.
This book has been prepared for civil engineering students who take the hydropower course during undergraduate and graduate education (studies). Many solved examples are provided for better understanding the theoretical parts. There are various problems given at the end of each chapter to be solved by students as homework or to check their knowledge about the theoretical explanation given in the book.
A. Melih Yanmaz Provision of water resources plays an important role in the development of the socio-economic status of a country. Limited land and fresh water resources are subject to continuous contamination and are to be conserved against increasingly growing demands of various kinds by implementing several structural measures and by developing wise watershed management policies. Environmental impacts of all types of structural and non-structural measures are to be assessed jointly in the long term in order to maintain sustainable development of land and water resources.
There are a limited number of reference books in the worldwide literature in the field of water resources engineering since it is too ambitious to confine various aspects of this field in a single book. Actually, there are many books, which cover only a single, or few chapters of this discipline. In this book, it is intended to present only the fundamental aspects of some important topics of water resources engineering. Descriptive fluid mechanics and the subject matter of hydrology are not covered in the book as the reader is assumed to have basic notions in these areas. Chapters include concise information about the planning, design and construction of water resources systems as well as economical aspects and currently practiced specifications. A number of solved and exercise problems are presented at the end of each chapter in SI units.
Metin Boşnak The portrayal of women in mythology, folklore, and literature as discordant palimpsests of universal realities canonizes patriarchal dicta, which the cherubim of politics, literature, and hermeneutics scrape clean and reinscribe as often as is necessary. In this book, Dr. Boşnak analyzes from a feminist perspective the origins of overt and covert misogyny in various works of nineteenth-century American literature: Washington Irving's “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Wife”, Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter, and The Blithedale Romance, Henry James' The Bostonians, and The Turn of the Screw. Yoked together, the American writers champion the recurrent mythic patterns of the archetypal women in the Western canon: the pre-lapsarian and post-lapsarian Eve (Eve before and after the Fall) and that of Lilith (the Dark Lady). Tracing themes and motifs in American literature to their archetypes, Dr. Boşnak deconstructs claims about the “uniqueness” of American culture and letters.
Metin Boşnak is a published poet, essayist, and scholar of Comparative Literature and American Studies at Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University.
Nevzat Kalay Basic Vocabulary is a vocabulary book for elementary to intermediate level learners of English. It is designed for both classroom and self-study use.

Basic Vocabulary
• Includes words from the New General Service List.
• Systematically presents the most common and important basic words.
• Presents collocations in which the target words are used.
• Offers a variety of activities to build vocabulary.
Salim Razı - Nalan Razı - Gülay Erdem - Nalan Bayraktar Balkır - Mustafa Tekin

Campus Grammar üniversite öğrencileri ve gençlere Avrupa Konseyi Dil Projesi “Common Erupean Framework” (CEF) A1 seviyesinde dil eğitimi vermeyi amaçlayan Campus Life kitabını bütünleyen bir çalışmadır. Konu başlıkları üniversite müfredatıyla uyumlu olan kitaptaki konular,karakterler Socrates programıyla Türkiye’yi ziyarete gelen öğrencilerden oluşmaktadır. Ziyaret ortamı Türk örencilerininkine benzer bir biçimde hazırlanarak İngilizcenin yüksek bir motivasyon ile öğrenilmesini sağlamaktadır. 20 modülden oluşan kitapta Workbook ve Tape Scripts mevcuttur.

Dinçay Köksal Campus Life A1 üniversite öğrencileri ve gençlere Avrupa Konseyi Dil Projesi “Common Eropean Framework” (CEF) A1 seviyesinde dil eğitimi vermeyi amaçlamaktadır. Konu başlıkları üniversite müfredatıyla uyumludur. Kitaptaki karakterler Socrates programıyla Türkiye’yi ziyarete gelen öğrencilerden oluşmaktadır. Ziyaret ortamı Türk örencilerininkine benzer bir biçimde hazırlanarak İngilizce’nin yüksek bir motivasyon ile öğrenilmesini sağlamaktadır. 20 modülden oluşan kitapta Workbook ve Tape Scripts mevcuttur.
Tolga Ayav Build Your Own
Microprocessor
Computer architecture defines a set of rules and methods for the organization of a computer system. A microprocessor, as a central processing unit, is the most essential part of it. The microprocessor contains both combinational and sequential logic circuitries that perform arithmetic, logic and control operations by interpreting and executing the program instructions. Building a microprocessor is one of the ultimate goals of digital design. In this book, you will find the preliminaries of a microprocessor and computer design. The book is intended for the undergraduate students of computer or electrical engineering and its focus will be on the design principles of a microprocessor. This book also gives an insight into the low level and high level computer programming, program compilation, multitasking and programming with VHDL hardware description language. By the end of this book, you'll be able to design and build your own microprocessor in a hardware description language, and to run it by simulations and writing assembly programs.
Things you will learn: Microprocessor design, VHDL programming, HDL simulation, and assembly programming.
Büşra Müge Özdil, Emre Debreli In this book, we discuss the concept of critical pedagogy (CP) and its links to general education and ELT education in particular. Our discussion covers CP's role in education together with its theoretical foundations, and we expand our discussion through demonstrating a CP-ELT relationship. We later focus on the teacher roles discussed in the area of language teaching, and further discuss how these are influenced by CP theory. This discussion particularly demonstrates teacher roles such as: teachers as passive technicians, teachers as reflective practitioners, and teachers as transformative intellectuals. We believe that this book provides a valuable source in understanding the language teaching profession which requires a careful analysis of social, cultural and historical realities that have affected the profession, as well as the changing roles of the language teachers.
Can Ozan Tuncer, Chong Zhang, Christopher James Lawless, Clarissa J. Humphreys, Conor Courtney, Ekber Kandemir, Emre Cihan Ateş, Erdal Özkaya, Erkan Bostancı, Gökberk Tekin, Katharine Palmer, Kevin Hosford, Kevin Sweeney, Le Tran Quoc Cong, Matthew David, Max Kilger, Mehmet Serdar Güzel, Naci Akdemir, Naci Akdemir, Nguyen Dao Phuong Thuy, Serdar Uysal, Tran Viet Dung In tandem with the increased use of the Internet and developments in technology and capabilities in cyberspace, there has been a significant increase in criminality in the same domain in general and in the context of COVID-19 pandemic in particular. This phenomenon is referred to as cybercrime which covers a multitude of prohibited acts which are often complex and can cross national borders with ease. The impact and consequences of cybercrime are equally diverse and complex including damage to economies, integrity of governance, privacy, national security as well as personal well-being and security to name a few. This timely book provides a powerful combination of multidisciplinary and international expertise from academia and law enforcement sectors. Respected scholars of the book come from variety of global regions offering state of the art research and insights.
Sibel Dinç Welcome to the world of data!
Although the digital age we live in closes the distances in the field of communication and opens the doors of an imagined world, it does not seem possible to talk about a pure benefit. Data breaches, data privacy and data security concerns, intentional or profit sharing of data with other companies and organizations…
While the related study questions the reliability of the concept of data privacy, it brings the issue to a concrete point through a case. Fourteen Android-based applications selected within the scope of the study are examined in the context of data privacy breaches. What data did the apps receive from users? With which companies was the received data shared? The data and applications obtained within the scope of the study are presented by determining which companies they are in connection with, and the contexts are left to the analysis power of the reader.

Vedat M. İNCE Turizm dünyasında yaygın olarak kullanılan ortak yabancı dillerden birisi de Almancadır. Bu nedenle, ülkemizde turizm sektöründe Almanca bilmek bir ayrıcalık konumundadır. Bu kitap, turizm sektöründe çalışacak kişilerin Almancayı daha verimli kullanabilmesi amacıyla hazırlanmıştır. 12 üniteden oluşan bu kitap, A1 yani “Anfänger” düzeyinden başlamaktadır. Konular, sektörün beklentilerine hitap ettiği gibi İKMEP (İnsan Kaynaklarının Mesleki Eğitim Yoluyla Geliştirilmesi Projesi) içeriklerini de kapsamaktadır.
Muğla Üniversitesi Milas Sıtkı Koçman MYO'daki 10 yıllık ders deneyimlerimize göre şekillendirdiğimiz bu kitabın en önemli özellikleri şunlardır:
1. Ağırlık noktasını konuşma kalıpları, kelime hazinesi ve temel diyaloglar oluşturmaktadır.
2. Görselleri hem sınıf içinde hem sınıf dışındaki faaliyetlerde öğretim elemanına ve öğrencilere yardımcı olacak ve yükünü hafifletecek niteliktedir.
3. Konu anlatımları ve yönergeler Türkçe açıklamalarla birlikte verilmiştir.
4. Kelime hazinesi, Almanca konuşan bir turist karşısında ihtiyacı karşılayacak zenginliktedir.
5. Dil bilgisinin ağır konuları yerine daha temel konulara yer verilmiş, detaya girilmemiştir.
Turizm branşında eğitim veren fakülte, meslek okulu ve meslek yüksekokullarındaki Almanca derslerinde kullanılabilecek olan bu ders kitabıyla amacımız, öğrencilerimize ihtiyaç duyacakları konuşma kalıpları, kelime hazinesi ve dil bilgisi becerilerini kazandırmaktır.
Bir başka amacımız da yabancı dil öğrenmenin bir kabus değil, ehil eğitimciler, istekli öğrenciler ve uygun ders kitabıyla bir eğlence olabildiğini göstermektir.
Ayşegül Arayıcı İyiaydın, Bünyamin Atay, Didem D. Kepir, Emine Feyza Dinçel, Fatma Arıcı, Hazal Yılmaztürk, Nilüfer Voltan Acar, Özlem Haskan Avcı, Özlem Ulaş, Selen Demirtaş Zorbaz, Seval Kzıldağ, Tülin Acar, Yusuf Barbüroğlu, Zehra Yeler Bu sözlük, PDR alanında büyük bir boşluğu doldurmaktadır. Yıllarca İngilizce kavramların karşılıkları tartışıla gelmiştir. Bu sözlükte, tartışmalı kavramlara karşılık, gerek Farsça ve Arapça köken açısından gerekse Türkçe makaleler kaynak gösterilerek en uygun olan Türkçe kavramlar önerilmiştir. Bu açıdan bu sözlük önemli bir yer tutmaktadır.
Kürşat Taştan, Sinan Yılmaz, Nalan Sabır Taştan Türkiye, which has not been accepted as a full member of the European Union due to political reasons, is one of the important countries of Europe with its historical and geopolitical position, military and economic power and institutional infrastructure.
The quantitative growth of Turkish higher education, which started in the 2000s in direct proportion to the country's greatness, has resulted in Türkiye's attempts to become one of the leading European higher education countries, with expansive physical campuses and high-tech distance learning opportunities.
In the book, the reflections of the higher education quality studies in Türkiye, which followed the studies starting with the Bologna process in Europe, and the systematic studies of Turkish Higher Education Quality Council (THEQC), which was established as a national quality assurance agency in 2015, are tried to be illustrated based on the data of a scientific study.
Higher education quality studies, which started with the establishment of THEQC, have been a turning point for the Turkish higher education system. Turkish higher education, where the diffusion and adoption of quality management by ESG standards have been completed in general, has the potential to create Europe's most successful universities in the next ten years by applying quality more and more.
Alize Can Rençberler, Augusto Ponzio, Didem Tuna, Erol Kahraman, Evangelos Kourdis, Javid Aliyev, Lale Özcan, Magdalena Nowotna, Mesut Kuleli, Muhammed Salih Kapcı, Osman Senemoğlu, Sema Dilara Yanya, Susan Petrilli, Sündüz Öztürk Kasar Dilde, edebiyatta, çeviride ve genel olarak sosyal bilimlerde kavramların sınırlarının esnek ve içeriklerin değişken olduğu söylenebilir. Alanlar içi ve alanlar arası kavramsal dalgalanmaların söz konusu olması, kavramlar üzerinden ya da kavramlara yönelik olarak gerçekleştirilen okumaların sürekli güncellenmesini gerektirmektedir. Alanlar arası dolaşımda içerikler paylaşıldıkça zenginleşmekte ve yeniden ele alınıp dönüşmektedir. Beş ülkeden 14 akademisyenin kaleme aldığı bu kitapta yer alan bölümler de farklı içerik bileşimleri üzerinden yeni kavramsal uzlaşılara ve okumalara yol açacak şekilde tasarlanmıştır.
The concepts in language, literature, translation, and in social sciences tend to be supple and flexible content-wise. The conceptual fluctuations within and among disciplines require continual updates of conceptual readings. The content becomes richer when shared among disciplines and is transformed with a redefinition. With this in mind, the chapters of this book, penned by 14 academics from five countries, are designed to pave the way for novel conceptual and consensual readings aligning in a smooth and interrelated combination of different contents.
Les concepts en langue, en littérature, en traduction et, plus généralement, en sciences sociales ont tendance à être souples et flexibles sur le plan du contenu. Les flottements conceptuels au sein des disciplines et entre elles exigent des mises à jour continues des lectures conceptuelles. Le contenu s'enrichit au fur et à mesure qu'il est partagé entre les disciplines et se transforme avec une redéfinition. C'est dans cet esprit que les chapitres de cet ouvrage, rédigés par quatorze universitaires de cinq pays, sont conçus pour ouvrir la voie à de nouvelles lectures conceptuelles et à de nouveaux consensus notionnels.
Yazarlar / Authors / Auteurs:
Sündüz Öztürk Kasar - Magdalena Nowotna - Susan Petrilli & Augusto Ponzio
Evangelos Kourdis - Didem Tuna - Sema Dilara Yanya - Javid Aliyev
Mesut Kuleli - Osman Senemoğlu - Erol Kahraman & Muhammed Salih Kapcı
Lale Özcan - Alize Can Rençberler
Bahaddin Demirdiş This book assists researchers, educators, and policymakers in gaining a better understanding of mathematics teachers' attitudes towards the inclusion of children with SEN in Turkish lower secondary schools. Earlier research on teachers' attitudes towards the inclusion of children with SEN in Turkey has not comprehensively investigated teachers' attitudes towards inclusion and the impact of various factors on these attitudes. In addition, the book used a valid and trustworthy instrument that has been implemented several times globally, assisting in narrowing the gap between prior research findings and helping to explain some of the discrepancies.
Besides, the book provides a well-informed viewpoint and understanding that could aid in reforming and refining inclusive practices and the identification and process of inclusion of students with SEN in regular classes. It adds to the body of knowledge by supplementing the limited number of existing studies on teachers' attitudes towards the inclusion of students with SEN in Turkey. Finally, it stimulates other researchers to duplicate the research to corroborate its findings or to do additional research into the many factors that impact teachers' attitudes, both positively and negatively.
Bülent Karakaya “İnşaat mühendisliği oldukça geniş bir alana yayılan sanat, zanaat ve matematiğin buluştuğu bir meslektir. Böyle bir meslekte hayat boyu süren öğrenmenin, öğrenilen bilgiyi sentezlemenin sonucu problemleri çözmedeki başarı olarak kendini göstermektedir. Bu mesleğe yıllarını veren yazarın uzun yıllara yayılan tecrübe ve birikimlerinin hayat bulduğu bu eserin alanında önemli bir eksikliği gidereceğine inanıyorum. Özellikle genç inşaat mühendislerinin genişleyen iş portföyünde karşılaştıkları yabancı dilde terminolojiye hâkim olmamalarına/olamamalarına ilişkin serzenişleri bu alandaki yeter çalışmanın olmadığının en önemli göstergesiydi.
Geniş bir kitleyle muhatap olan inşaat mühendisinin etkin bir şekilde yabancı dildeki terminolojiyi anlaması ve kullanması için okuyucu dostu olarak hazırlanan bu eserin yazarı Sayın Bülent Karakaya'nın mesleğine olan sevgi ve saygısının bir tezahürü olarak hayat bulduğu söylenebilir. Sayın Karakaya'nın hazırladığı bu eserinden dolayı kendisini tebrik eder büyük bir eksikliği gidereceğine inandığım bu eseri özellikle genç meslektaşlarıma hararetle tavsiye ederim.”
Prof. Dr. Abdulkadir Cüneyt Aydın
Erzurum Atatürk Üniversitesi Mühendislik Fakültesi
İnşaat Mühendisliği Yapı Bölümü Başkanı

"Dear Mr. Karakaya,
I would like to congratulate you for taking on such an important task. In a world that requires global competition, such a contribution is much needed. Best wishes.”
Professor Dr. Necati Catbas
Civil Engineering Faculty Central Florida University, USA


"Dear Mr. Karakaya,
Thank you very much for sharing your booklet with me. I am impressed by its style and content, and I hope that your booklet will be a very useful resource for young engineers.With my best wishes.”

Associate Professor Oya Mercan
University of Toronto Civil Engineering Department, Canada
Vedat Martin İNCE Günümüzde, dünyada yaygın olarak kullanılan ortak yabancı dillerden birisi de Almancadır. Türkiye’ye her yıl milyonlarca Alman veya yabancı dili Almanca olan turist gelmektedir. Bu nedenle, ülkemizde Almanca bilmek bir ayrıcalık konumundadır; ancak buna rağmen bu ihtiyacın karşılanabileceği eğitim kurumlarında, yerli imkânlar ile üretilmiş eğitim malzemesi yok denecek kadar az ve olanlar da temel iletişim amacıyla kullanılmasını öğretmek açısından çok yetersizdir. İşte bu nedenle “Eisberg” adlı kitap hazırlanmıştır.
1. Kitabın ağırlık noktasını konuşma kalıpları, kelime hazinesi ve temel diyaloglar oluşturmaktadır. Bunların yanında dil bilgisi de ihmal edilmemiştir.
2. Görsel malzemeler hem sınıf içinde hem sınıf dışındaki faaliyetlerde öğretim elemanlarına ve öğrencilere yardımcı olacak ve onların yükünü hafifletecektir.
3. Konu anlatımları ve yönergeler, Türkçe açıklamalarla birlikte verilmiştir.
4. Kelime hazinesi, temel ihtiyacı karşılayacak kelimelerden oluşmaktadır.
5. Dil bilgisinin ağır konuları yerine, daha temel konulara yer verilmiş; detaya girilmemiştir.
Fatih Barış Altunyuva Energy security has been assessed as a multi-dimensional concept with a holistic approach and elaborated in terms of all its aspects in this book. As per the broadest approach, it was pointed out that energy security is the process whereby energy sources and countries of origin are diversified taking into account the political and economic conditions of the said countries, and wherein continual and affordable pricing mechanisms are developed within a sustainable (environment-friendly) systematic. It was also mentioned that generation, transmission and distribution activities need to be continued while ensuring a controlled and sustained energy infrastructure security. Nevertheless, it has been taken into account in this book that each country has its inherent unique dynamics and circumstances. As a final step, the energy and energy security policies of the Republic of Türkiye were evaluated in conjunction with the goal of Türkiye to become an energy actor.
Hakan Göçmen Serinin 2. kitabı olan
“SPactivities – Intermediate”, orta seviyedeki öğrencilerin İngilizce konuşma becerilerini geliştirmeye yönelik aktiviteleri içermektedir. Aktivitelerde işlenen konular öğrencilerin teorik olarak öğrendiği dil bilgisel konuları günlük hayatta uygulayabilmeleri amacıyla hazırlanmıştır. Bu yüzden seçilen konuların güncel ve ilgi uyandıran türden olmasına özen gösterilmiştir.
Kitapta yer alan aktivitelerin çoğunda “Sentence Openers” başlığı altında bölümler bulunmaktadır. Bu bölümlerin amacı, öğrencilerin karşılaşabileceği birçok farklı durumda kullanabilecekleri cümleleri ve sorulan sorulara karşı verecekleri olası yanıtları otomatikleştirmek, kısacası dili olabildiğince akıcı konuşmalarını sağlamaktır. Ayrıca konuşma İngilizcesinde çok büyük önemi olan “Phrasal Verbs” konusu aktivitelerde ağırlıklı olarak işlenmiş, açıklamalar ve örneklerle pekiştirilmiştir. Ayrıca kitapta yer alan aktiviteler birkaç küçük değişiklikle farklı yaş gruplarına uyarlanabilmekte, bu da kitabın kullanılışlılığını oldukça artırmaktadır.
Konuşma becerileri üzerine hiçbir kaynağın yazılmadığı ülkemizde tüm seviyeler üzerine hazırlanmış tek kaynak olan “SPactivities” serisinin her kitabı, sınıf içi motivasyonu yükseltmek ve İngilizce derslerini eğlenceli ve dinamik bir atmosfere dönüştürmek isteyen öğretmenlere kesinlikle önerilir.

SPactivities offers:
A simple well-organized format
Varied range of classroom activities for practising oral English

SPactivities includes:
Lots of fun topics focusing on everyday English and the use of a grammatical pattern
Sentence openers by themes which help students express what they are trying to say
More than 100 most common phrasal verbs with clear definitions and examples which are integrated in the activities
A list of 1000 most common verbs

SPactivities is recommended for:
Intermediate english language learners who want to develope conversation skills and improve fluency
English teachers who want to raise general learner motivation and make the English language classroom a fun and dynamic place
Hakan Göçmen Serinin 3. kitabı olan
“SPactivities – Advanced”, ileri seviyedeki öğrencilerin İngilizce konuşma becerilerini geliştirmeye yönelik aktiviteleri içermektedir. Bu kitapta ileri düzeye gelmiş öğrencilerin, dil bilgisel olarak zaten çok fazla eksiği olmadığı varsayılarak, konuların içeriğinde ilk iki kitabın aksine herhangi bir dil bilgisel odak noktası bulunmamaktadır. Bunun yerine aktiviteler tamamen “dilde akıcılığa” yöneliktir. Seçilen konu başlıkları müzik, sinema, internet, spor, eğlence, eğitim vb. üzerinde konuşulabilecek birçok konudan oluşmakta ve konuların herkese hitap etmesi sayesinde öğrencilerin ders içi katılımını oldukça artırmaktadır. Kitapta ayrıca “Idioms and Expressions” başlığı altında İngilizcede günlük hayatta sürekli kullanılan deyimler ve ifadeler açıklamalı ve örnekli olarak ayrı bir bölüm halinde yer almaktadır.
Konuşma becerileri üzerine hiçbir kaynağın yazılmadığı ülkemizde tüm seviyeler üzerine hazırlanmış tek kaynak olan “SPactivities” serisinin her kitabı, sınıf içi motivasyonu yükseltmek ve İngilizce derslerini eğlenceli ve dinamik bir atmosfere dönüştürmek isteyen öğretmenlere kesinlikle önerilir.

SPactivities offers:
A simple well-organized format
A varied range of classroom activities for practising oral English

SPactivities includes:
Lots of engaging and interesting topics which draw students into a variety of diverse subjects ranging from “Movies” to “Hobbies”, including “Social Issues”
A list of everyday idioms and expressions with clear definitions and examples

SPactivities is recommended for:
More advanced english language learners who want to develope conversation skills and improve fluency
English teachers who want to raise general learner motivation and make the English language classroom a fun and dynamic place
Serpil Şahin, Servet Gülüm Şumnu, Haluk Hamamcı, Aslı İşçi, Özge Şakıyan This book covers fluid flow, heat transfer, mass transfer and applications of this knowledge in unit operations in food and chemical industries. It is written as a textbook for undergraduate students, which fills the gap in the area of food engineering operations. There are numerous practical examples, problems and figures in the book to help students understanding the concepts in a better way. Physical properties of many food materials are also given in this book, which are not provided in most of the books in this area.
The book can be taught in a sequence of three fundamental and two design courses in undergraduate programs of Food Engineering Departments. This book will also be a reference for other engineering courses for both undergraduate and graduate students. Besides food engineering students, the material in the book may be of interest to people who are working in the field of Food Science, Food Technology, Biological Systems Engineering, Food Process Engineering, Chemical Engineering and Agricultural Engineering.
Nevzat Kalay Focus on Phrasal Verbs is a reference and practice book for intermediate and advanced level learners of English who want to improve their knowledge of phrasal verbs in English. The book contains a large number of phrasal verbs essential for examinations such as YDS, YÖKDİL, YDT, TOEFL, and IELTS.
Key features:
• Comprehensive coverage of phrasal verbs
• Turkish translations of sample sentences
• Consolidation in numerous tests
• Ideal for self-study or classroom use
Emine Esra Kasapbaşı Our general chemistry laboratory book has been prepared for the use in Chemistry, Molecular Biology and Genetics, Nutrition and Dietetics and Biology departments of science faculties' General Chemistry Laboratory courses.
Our book contains detailed information about experiments where students can apply the theoretical knowledge they have learned in General Chemistry Laboratories and General Chemistry Courses. For this purpose, first of all, the rules to be followed in general chemistry laboratories, the points to be considered about the correct use of chemicals, the use and cleaning of laboratory materials and devices are explained.
After general information, preparation stages for each experiment, the key parts and detailed protocols for each experiment are given.
In this way, it is aimed that students learn the discipline of working in the laboratory and conduct experiments within the scope of general chemistry laboratories.
It is expected that the General Chemistry course, which is usually a 1st year course, will also help students to process other laboratory courses that they will be carried out in later years, by explaining the rules to be followed in the laboratory and the report writing technique.
Hasan Hüseyin Erbil A simple procedure has been found for the general solution of the time-independent Schrödinger Equation (SE) with the help of quantization of potential area in one dimension without making any approximation. Energy values are not dependent on wave functions. So, to find the energy values, it is enough to find the classic turning points of the potential function. Two different solutions were obtained, namely, symmetric, and antisymmetric in bound states. These normalized wave functions are always periodic. It is enough to take the integral of the square root of the potential energy function to find the normalized wave functions. If these calculations cannot be made analytically, they should then be performed by numerical methods. The SE has been solved for a particle in many one-dimension and the spherical symmetric central potential well as examples. The relative Dirac Equation is also solved. Their energies and normalized wave functions were found as examples. These solutions were also applied to the theories of scattering and alpha decay. The results obtained with the experimental values were compared with the calculated values. One was seen to be very fit.
Necati Yamaç Türkiye started to put the construction of a nuclear power plant on its agenda dating from 1965. Between 1977 and 2008, nuclear power plant tenders held at four different times failed. The first nuclear power plant agreement was finally signed in 2010. This was a historical turning point, breaking the vicious circle.
Why could Türkiye not launch nuclear power plant projects for half a century? Why did the tenders held remain at the level of initiative? While the countries with which Türkiye started its nuclear power plant journey have begun to export nuclear power plant technology, why is Türkiye late in this regard?
What has been done so far in the Akkuyu and Sinop Nuclear Power Plant Project? Does our country need a nuclear power plant? Is the electricity tariff expensive? How will radioactive waste be managed? What kind of work has been done for the development of the first nuclear power plant infrastructure program, the first domestic industry, and human resources? What was explained to the audience in the nuclear documentaries broadcast for the first time in Türkiye?
Is the world giving up on nuclear power plants? What is the attitude of countries such as Germany, Japan, the USA, and France?
Until 2010, this book, which explains why Türkiye could not construct a nuclear power plant by including newspaper archives, is the first work written on Türkiye's nuclear power plant journey. When you read the book, you will explore some facts that have remained in the dusty pages of history shed light on the present day.
Şanslı Şenol - Hakan Savaş Sazak - Ali Mert - Aslı Kılıç Günümüzde geleceğe dönük bilimin, istatistik altyapısına ve bilgi sistemine verdiği önemle birlikte Türkiye'deki üniversitelerde “istatistikçi” yetiştiren istatistik bölümlerinin sayısı da artmaktadır. İstatistik bölümlerinin bir kısmı yabancı dille ancak büyük bir çoğunluğu ise Türkçe istatistik lisans eğitimi yapmaktadır. Öte yandan “istatistikçi“ ünvanı ile mezun olan ancak birbirini anlayamayan istatistikçilerin onlardan beklenen verimliliği göstermelerinin çok zor olacağı açıktır. İstatistik kitaplarının çoğunluğunun İngilizce yazılmış olması göz önüne alındığında öğrenci ya da mezun tüm istatistikçiler için ortak bir İstatistik dili oluşturmanın gerekli olduğuna inandık. Bu elkitabını yazarken amacımız kısaca; İstatistik bölümlerinde okuyan ya da mezun olan tüm istatistikçiler için ortak bir İstatistik dili oluşturmak, İngilizce istatistik terimleri ile Türkçe istatistik terimleri arasındaki uyumu sağlamak için istatistikçilerin yararlanılabilecekleri ortak bir el kitabı yazmak
olarak özetlenebilir.
Victoria Bilge Yılmaz In the world swarming with such issues like wars, ecological disasters, and lack of fresh water, famine, child labour and death, gender hierarchies, and serial murderer viruses, maybe the only thing that helps people endure and survive is humour. Humour is an indispensable element of a human life. It is, indeed, some kind of a cure for human beings' survival in a desolate world replete with grand issues that harm people psychologically and spiritually.
Being aware of humour's potential strength to change people's mood, ancient Greek philosophers, literary critics, poets and writers from all ages conceptualised and employed humour in their works. The aim of this study is to provide a brief overview of the concept of humour throughout ages from ancient eras to the modern day. Furthermore, it provides some examples of literary works from English and Russian literature and scrutinises various tools and functions of humour in these works.
A versatile poet of the Restoration period and an heir to Milton's talents, John Dryden (1631-1700) exhibits his confidence in an employment of humour in his works. Dryden draws political portraits through his refined technique and supreme control of verses.
Russian literature cannot be defined without Anton Chekhov (1860-1904), an unfortunate doctor with a great talent to produce short stories and plays. Although Chekhov's plays have become milestones in realist theatre in the West, his most memorable contribution to Russian literature was his prose fiction. Despite the framework of social issues in his short stories, Chekhov appears to entertain readers by his unprecedented ability to convey his sense of humour.
Goaded by the restricted condition of denigrated women in her community and throughout the world, Virginia Woolf (1882-1941) addresses the whole world by aspiring to represent women's voices. Despite the pervading hue of feminism and depression in her works, Woolf sometimes includes a breath of humour in some of her works.
Victoria Bilge Yılmaz, Mehmet Yalçınkaya Although Turkish culture has a unique sense of humor, humor culture has changed with the change of space and culture. Therefore, we found it appropriate to examine Turkish literature under the titles of Pre-Islamic Turkish Literature, Turkish Folk Literature, Old Turkish Literature and New Turkish Literature while addressing the adventure of humor in the history of Turkish literature.
We have included the concepts of irony, parody and satire, which are frequently used together with humor or as sub-types of humor in Western literature in order to determine the effect of the Western sense of humor on the Turkish literature's sense of humor. While pointing to the historical development of these concepts, we also tried to identify their samples in the Turkish humor tradition. We tried to determine the counterparts of these genres in the Turkish novel, which is on the verge of innovation, by considering especially the literature of the Second Constitutional Period, in which the Turkish culture was in touch with the West. Therefore, we mentioned the changes of humor and the concepts related to humor in the history of Turkish literature and during the Second Constitutional Period, in which the influence of Western literature was strongly felt, the new meanings that humor concept has gained. As a result, we dealt with the author's purpose in using humor, the form that the author uses in creating humor and the issues criticized through humor.
We also included a chapter on humor in English literature to juxtapose the comic effect in English and Turkish literature. This chapter on humor in English literature helps to envision the sense of humor in Western tradition and see the similarities between English and Turkish literary works in terms of comedy and humor.
Ali Günyaktı, Ayşen Günyaktı Hydromechanics text is mainly used by the undergraduate civil engineering students. It includes small amount of theory but a large amount of application of the conservation principles to the problems related with hydromechanics.
Water is essential for human being, animals, vegetation, and wild life. They use water mainly for drinking, cleaning, irrigation, energy production, recreation, and watering the livestock. About 70 percent of the fresh water is used for irrigation purposes in Turkey. However, fresh water resources are commonly far away from the location where it is needed. Therefore, the transfer of water is a must between such two locations. The transfer of water from the source point to the required position is performed by means of closed conduits under pressure or open channels having free surface under atmospheric pressure. Water transportation in pipe systems may include pumps or turbines and some control apparatus which must be encountered in energy equations.
This book uses the basic principles of the Fluid Mechanics for the design of the closed conduits and open channel systems necessary for the transfer of water between two points. Many solved examples are supplied for better understanding the way of using the theory explained in each chapter. There are also many problems at the end of each chapter similar to the examples supplied beforehand. They may be solved as homework by the students or to check their knowledge about the explained theory in each chapter.
Ayşe Kızıldağ, Emrah Dolgunsöz, Fatma Kimsesiz, Güliz Turgut Dost, Hüsnü Ceylan, Mehmet Tunaz, Ogultumar Hezretkuliyeva, Samet Taşçı, Selma Deneme Gençoğlu, Ufuk Özen Baykent, Yıldız Turgut This book primarily focuses on the profound significance of reading skills in the context of foreign language instruction. In the chapters ahead, you will embark on a journey of explorations into the remarkable impact of reading in a foreign language regardless of your role as a language learner, an educator, or a researcher. In the pages that follow, you will explore strategies for effective reading, the role of different genres in language acquisition, and how literature can serve as a mirror to our experiences while opening doors to new horizons that reflect the contribution of literary aids designed through computer-mediated tools.
Abdullah Özkale As a critical concept for modern world, financial literacy has rational popularity, especially in developed countries. However, it is essential that it should be focused on financial literacy education to expand the domain. This book aims to present educational tasks focusing on financial literacy skills related to mathematics courses. The tasks indicate how mathematical skills have relations with financial literacy and develop a financial understanding.
Neither mathematics nor finance consists only of numbers. The tasks aim not only to solve financial problems with mathematical tools but also to realize mathematical and financial understanding by internalizing financial concepts. This book gives an opportunity through the tasks to understand how the financial literacy framework was formed at an early age, and how the financial understanding of children develops.
This book targets teachers, children K-12, and their parents. You can follow the financial development of the children while you are trying to handle the tasks enjoyable. It is a more rational way to expect individuals to develop their financial literacy skills from early ages, and make optimal financial decisions by spreading their financial behaviors in conscious into their lives.
Ahmed Refik ‘Osmanlı târîhinde, fi’l-hakîka, pek karışık ve ‘âdetâ nefretle yâd edilecek devirler vardır; fakat hiçbiri bu zorbalar idâresine makîs değildir. Hüsn-i niyetle başlayan, neticede koca bir devletin izmihlâliyle nihayetlenen bu devir, ‘Osmanlı târîhinin en elîm safhasıdır. Hiçbir zamanda ‘Osmanlı milleti, kendi efrâdı tarafından bu derece zâlimâne bir gadre uğramamışdır. Hiçbir devirde ‘Osmanlı devleti, dört beş zorbanın şekaveti yüzünden bu mertebe acıklı bir felâkete giriftâr olmamışdır. Hiçbir vakitde ‘Osmanlı pâdişâhı, etrafında dökülen kanlardan, sönen hânümânlardan bî-haber,
geçici bir saltanatın parıltıları içinde, bedbaht milletinin felâketini idrak edemeyerek ecdadının mukaddes mîrâsını düşmanlara parçalatmamışdır. Sultan Mehmed-i Hâm
Mücahit KARAOĞLU Terminoloji olarak ifade edilen her bir ilim dalının kendine özgü kelime veya kelime grupları vardır. Bu kelimeler günlük hayatta kullanılan kelimelerden tamamen farklı olabildiği gibi, günlük hayatta kullanılan kelimelerin farklı anlamları da olabilmektedir.
İngilizce dünya üzerindeki en yaygın ve en çok kullanılan dillerden biri olması sebebiyle kelime sayısı çok fazladır ve teknolojik gelişmelere paralel olarak bu sayı artmaya devam etmektedir.
Tarım ilminde kullanılan İngilizce kelimeleri bir araya toplamak ve kullanım kolaylığı sağlamak amacıyla hazırlanan bu sözlük çalışması Temel Bilgiler, İngilizce-Türkçe, Türkçe-İngilizce bölümlerinden oluşmaktadır. Kullanıcılara faydalı olması en büyük dileğimizdir.
Ahmed Refîk Kafkas Yollarında
AHMET REFİK
Erzurum kadınları, hattâ mini mini kızlar, tesettüre son derece ri’âyet ediyorlar. Ekseriyâ caddelerde, mahalle aralarında, kırmızı çizgili, ba’zan ipekli, ince hilâlî çarşaflar içinde alaca esvablar, yeşil ve kırmızı gül(l)ü şalvarlar giymiş hanımların misafirliğe gitdikleri görülüyor. Erzurum ahâlîsi gayet zekî ve mültefit. Sözleri düzgün. Esnafı bile ‘irfan sahibi. Onların, size iltifat içün bir: -Beğim, gözün üstüne gele, deyişleri var ki, bu basit cümlelerdeki teslîmiyetkârâne ve samîmâne edâlarına karşı Anadolu’nun bu serhad halkına kalben bir hürmet beslememek gayr-i kabil. Rus istîlâsı altında silâhsız yaşayan, Ermeni mezalimine çocuklarını, erlerini, hattâ kadınlarını kurban veren, işte bu halk...
Özge Deniz Turgutoğlu, Berfin Serdil Örs Gymnastics is a quite technical event in terms of both judging and the movements performed. In artistic gymnastics locomotor systems of the gymnasts are affected and developed depending on the apparatus they compete and men compete with six apparatus. Besides, handspring and the handspring sideward with ¼ turn are the basic elements for more complicated vaults. For this reason, it is thought that the measurement of velocity in the last part of the approach run and kinematic analysis of the vault performances are important to better understand the movements by the coaches and athletes. It is thought that examining the kinematic parameters of these elements according to categories will be beneficial in determining the missing points in the performance of the gymnasts, preparing the right training program, and contributing to the coaches and athletes. Considering all this information, the aim of the current study was the comparison of the last 10 m running velocity and kinematic variables of the handspring and the handspring sideward with ¼ turn elements performed on the artistic gymnastics vaulting table according to categories (pre-juniors and juniors, male gymnasts).
Hasan Sebuktekin Alanında en kapsamcı çalışma denilebilecek bu eser, Almanca ve Türkçe’deki gerçek ve rivayet zamanları, edebi metinler içinde güncel biçimleriyle, tümden gelim yöntem, bilimsel veri ve kaynaklara, gözlem, bilgi ve deneyimlere dayalı olarak, özellikle bu konudaki zıtlıkları ortaya çıkarmak üzere incelemek ve sistematik bir düzene sokmak amacındadır. Bunun yanında kiplerin üslup ve felsefi boyutları da titizlikle ele alınmıştır.
Müjdat Kayayerli YÖKDİL, YDS, YKS, yurtdışı eğitim, banka ve yeterlilik sınavlarına (Almanca) girecek adaylar ile Almanca Öğretmenliği ve Alman Dili ve Edebiyatı bölümü öğrencileri için hazırlanmış gramer ve çeviri kaynağı olan bu kitapta;
• Türkçe açıklamalı Almanca gramer kuralları,
• Çeviri yapmaya yönelik Almanca cümle çeşitleri,
• Almancadaki fiiller ve zamanların kullanılışı,
• Örneklerle açıklanmış Almanca gramer yapısı,
• Almanca-Türkçe, Türkçe-Almanca cümle alıştırmaları,
• Testler, sınavlar ve alıştırmalarla Türkçe-Almanca karşılaştırmalı cümle yapıları,
• Cümlelerin sıralanışı ile sistematik cümle öğretimi,
• Bağlaçların Türkçe karşılıkları ve yan cümleler,
• Almanca-Türkçe sözlük kullanımı ile dilbilim ve dilbilgisi terimler sözlüğü yer almaktadır.
Celâl Nuri Âh bu kokuları ne kadar severim! Hele otomobilin çıkardığı benzin kokusuna ne kadar bayılırım! Ben bunları bir duhter-i zî-ânın süründüğü bütün ıtriyat-ı nâdireye, Bizans imparatoriçesi Teodora’nın imâl etdirdiği bütün revâyih-i tıbbiyyeye tercih ederim. Hele vapur dumanı, kömür tozu, makine kokusu, inşâat arasında kireç, çimento kokuları beni hayran eder. Bunların cümlesini bir ma’şûka-i dil-firîbin şemîm-i zülfüne tercih etmekde benim yerden göğe kadar hakkım var. Büyük bir fa’âliyet ve hayat gösteren, cihanı lerzân, beşeriyeti ihyâ eden bunlar, bu sa’y ü amel kokusu, bu bû-yi lâtîf-i medeniyyetdir.
Nilüfer Rüzgar According to the “Great Man Theory”, leaders are born with a set of specific skills and traits that makes an individual destined for a leadership position. Also known as a trait perspective to leadership, it suggests that certain individuals have special innate or inborn characteristics or qualities that differentiates them from non-leaders. Specifically, these characteristics were believed to include height, weight, appearance, intelligence, disposition and others. Furthermore, charismatic and inspirational leaders instil faith in a better future for the followers in terms of their self-expression, self-evaluation, and self-consistency.
The history of Ottomans is complicated and complex in terms of its emperors from the beginning to the end, in addition to severe relations with Europe and Asia. In this sense, especially the ascension period constitutes great importance; because of the fact that the six emperors of the period turned the Ottoman State into an “Empire” with their individual traits and acts. Therefore, it is worth to consider them as “great men” and evaluate them in this frame in order to construe the claim.
It is expected that this book sheds light to the future researches in terms of evaluating both the emperors of Ottoman Empire and the other World emperors in terms of great man theory.
Ahmet Sinan Çevik Some parts of this lecture note are constructed from a course of lectures for the first year postgraduate students at Glasgow University. Duration of the course and so in here, the background level assumed of the student consisted of little more than the fundamentals of groups.
Combinatorial group theory is concerned with groups which are given by means of presentations. A rich and fruitful method of studying groups given this way is to use geometric and topological techniques. In literature there are plenty number of sources about Combinatorial Group Theory. We may suggest the references at the last part of this book to the readers for other topics that are not mentioned in here. Therefore this large number of sources effect positively the number of subject that can be studied in postgraduate studies. In this lecture note series book, we will present some special topics which have been sensitively to chosen the material in the meaning of a straight direction for such postgraduate studies. All important materials are given with references and thus it is aimed to guide the reader in their studies. Rather than theoretical approaches, computational methods are given with examples. We strictly note that this note is not enough to produce an academic publication, it is just try to give some fundamental ideas to the reader. However, we should not forget that there are many more open problems that can be solved with the concepts given in this note.
Free groups and their properties, presentations of groups, combinatorial 1-complexes, combinatorial 2-complexes are the main contents of this book. End of the book, we will present two Appendix chapters: The first one is dealing with the basements of rewriting systems with a geometric view point while the other is about the classification of groups in terms of their abelianizations by using Tietze transformations and a small part of graphs.
İsmail Kıyak Lighting is a discipline that is necessary for all living things and determines the quality of life. In recent years, besides the obligatory use of lighting, its visuality is also considered important, and therefore the concept of lighting design has emerged. Lighting design is classified as industrial areas, highways and pedestrian roads, building facades, sports centers, shopping areas, historical areas and objects, parking lots, interior areas, and each has different parameters in accordance with standards. In lighting technology, it is desired that the design made outside of the technical details appeals to the eye. In today's lighting projects, it aims to make the environment safer, more comfortable and more efficient in terms of energy saving, by transforming the space it is in into an automation, not just lighting. In addition, lighting has been fully integrated into smart building systems and has played an active role in improving living conditions.
This book provides sectoral information for those who consider lighting as a profession to have an idea. It contains; the concept of light, types of lighting, design principles of lighting systems, lighting control techniques and principles, protocols used in lighting automation are explained and sample applications are included.
Esin Kahya, A. Demirhan Erdemir The scientific studies in the Ottoman Empire are not a very popular subject for the researcher working on the history of science and medicine. However there are some books and papers written on the scientific studies of the Islamic World. But the books which were written on the Western historical scientific activities and the dawn and rise of modern science are innumerable. The scientific studies in the Hellenic and Hellenistic periods have also been studied in detail. In other words, although there are a lot of studies on the historical development of science in the Western World, the scientific activities in the Ottoman Empire have not been adequately studied. For instance, one of the well-known historians of science, George Sarton, has written a book on the history of science, named Introduction to the History of Science in which he discusses Hellenic, Hellenistic, Indian, Chinese and Islamic scientific activities, scientists and their works. In this work he also gives useful bibliographical information that can be used for scientific studies on those subjects. But he does not give any knowledge on the scientific activities in the period of the Ottoman Empire. He also wrote books on history of science in which how gave information about the methods of the history of science and scientific improvements in the Hellenic and Hellenistic Periods. There is another famous writer on the history of science, Charles Singer, who wrote on the history of biology and medicine. We can add some other names that wrote on different scientific activities in different periods in different civilizations like Crombie’s works.
Nuray Okumuş Ceylan Parallel to the changes in the world English language teaching history, the methods used to teach English in Turkey changed. This book is designed to provide a detailed account of major trends in English language teaching in Turkey to indicate the effort spent to provide quality and up-to-date language education. The methods used to teach English are explained in detail with the goals and objectives to be achieved, and the techniques that will be used to teach and practice. They are reflected in the programs and course books defined by the Ministry of National Education. Therefore, the programs and curricula prepared by the Ministry of National Education, and the course books either prepared, or evaluated and identified as the course book to be used in classroom instruction in English courses are listed, and sample units are displayed to better understand the application of the theory of the methods in the design of the units in the course books and its procedure.